Swine Flu- Symptoms, Precautions and Treatment

Swine flu has claimed the first life from India- the life of a 14-year old girl from Pune. According to the reports, the girl named Riya Shiekh died at a private hospital in the city. Till now we were only reading about swine flu pandemic. But now with the first death in India and with over 500 swine flu cases in the country, each of us must be prepared to prevent it. WHO report on swine flu says that in the next two years an estimated 2 billion people will get infected with this ‘especially dangerous’ H1N1 influenza virus.

Swine Flu: Symptoms

If you don’t want to be among the 2 billion people to be affected by this deadly virus, watch for any symptoms and go for necessary treatment even at the slightest doubt. The symptoms include:

  • Fever greater than 100°F
  • Sore throat
  • Body ache
  • Fatigue
  • Running nose, diarrhea and vomiting to some extent
Persons recently coming from abroad should take extra care and seek medical help immediately, the moment they see these symptoms. However, these symptoms can indicate common flu too. Whether the person is suffering from swine flu or not, can only be established by testing respiratory specimen taken from the suspected case within the first 4 to 5 days.

Swine Flu: Precautions

  • This flu spreads when a person comes in close contact with an infected person. To minimize the risk, one should cover the mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing.
  • If someone known to you have tested positive for swine flu, wear a mask before going close to the infected person.
  • Maintain a very high level of hygiene. Wash hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Sanitize your surroundings. It may help prevent this infection. Use alcohol or bleach to sanitize rooms or equipment that came in contact with the patients having influenza symptoms.
Swine Flu: Treatment

People suffering from flu should get a good amount of rest, drink plenty of water and other liquids, and avoid having alcohol and tobacco. As soon as symptoms are visible, see your doctor to get the right treatment. Don’t go for preventive medications as it may result in development of resistance to the only known effective drug “Tamiflu”

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