Chiropractic, pronounced as “kahy-ruh-prak-tik”, is the third largest area of medicine, next to allopathic medicine and dentistry. In fact, it is the largest Complementary and Alternative Medicine (or CAM) health profession. It manipulates body structures, especially the spine, to relieve pain such as low back pain, neck pain, headache etc. It is a non-invasive treatment which does not use any kind of drugs or surgery.
How Chiropractic is Done?
The word Chiropractic originates from the Greek words ‘cheir’ and ‘praxis’ meaning ‘done by hand’. Chiropractic believes that one of the major causes of pain and disease is the misalignment of the vertebrae in the spinal column. This situation is known as chiropractic subluxation. These misalignments are diagnosed through palpation- examining by touch. After diagnosis, careful application of pressure, massage, and manual manipulation of the vertebrae and joints is done. This process is known as adjustments. It basically helps in restoring the body’s homeostasis- the balance of body. This balance is achieved by increasing the range of bodily motion, restoring normal movement of the spine, relaxing the muscles, improving coordination of joint, and reducing pain.
When is Chiropractic done?
Chiropractic treatment is done for giving relief from pain and to improve mobility and the sense of general well-being. Chiropractic adjustments can be helpful in giving relief in situations of bad posture, motor vehicle accidents, traumas, or inappropriate sleeping positions. Chiropractic treatment is generally applied for relieving lower back pain, neck pain, mid back pain, sciatica, slipped disc, numbness and tingling conditions, frozen shoulders, carpal tunnel syndrome, elbow pain, knee pain, hip pain, ankle pain, and many other such conditions.
Supportive Techniques for Chiropractic
The doctors of Chiropractic, known as Chiropractors, mostly locate the misalignments and do adjustments to relieve the patients from pain. However, some of the Chiropractors take the help of other techniques also to make the Chiropractic treatment more effective. These supportive techniques include physiotherapy, herbal therapy, heat/cold therapy, electric muscle stimulation, acupuncture, manipulation under anesthesia, traction, massage, exercise programs, lifestyle, diet and nutrition management, physical rehabilitation etc.
The most important thing to know about the Chiropractors is that they are trained to identify the point when the patient’s condition is beyond their expertise. These Doctors of Chiropractic (DC) refer patients to other health care specialists for consultation as soon as they see that the case has crossed their scope of knowledge and practice.